Aguascalientes has been one of the most remarkable economies of the country in the last decade. We rank
first in Gross Domestic Product annual growth rate—4.6 percent in average—and we have reached new highs in own Foreign Direct Investment, with an accumulated total of USD $2,994.7 million during the present administration.
These results have been possible due to the excellent performance in different economic sectors of Aguascalientes’ municipalities, which are willing to take risks in education, mobility, metropolization, and are committed to the strengthening of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.
Economic diversification is perhaps the most ambitious goal set by the present Administration, a goal that seeks to be met by enhancing the different industrial sectors like automotive and aerospace, but also the agribusiness, textile, tourism, and education industries.
Aguascalientes has projected a future vision and incorporated it into the Aguascalientes 2045 Plan. Three years after launching the project, the government needs to answer the next questions that are key to its development: “Where are we?” “Where do we want to be?” and, “What do we have to do to get there?”
“How is Aguascalientes’ economic force distributed?” is the mystery this article seeks to uncover by performing an analysis of the economic forces of the state’s eleven municipalities.
Asientos has long been devoted to mining exploitation. Mines are some of its greater treasures, and it shares them only with San José de Gracia and Rincón de Romos.
The extraction of minerals had its boom in early 21st century with the
establishment of mining consortium Frisco (owned by Carlos Slim), a company that specializes in doré bar (a semi-pure alloy of gold and silver) production. According to recent data from INEGI (2014), the mine produces 32,403 kg of silver, 18,039 tons of zinc, 4,862 tons of lead, 1,003 tons of copper, and 225 kg of gold.
The other face of Asientos’ economy is retailing. INEGI counts 410 businesses of 22 different activities. Grocery stores are the main type of hardware stores, followed by drugstores, and stationery, among others.
Past mayors of the town see Asientos as a destination with potential for tourism. Its appointment of “Magical Town” in 2006 and the recovery of recreational spaces like El Llavero and El Barzón parks are key to meeting the objective. Furthermore, a rail line cuts through Asientos, and it could be used to transport people as well.
Is located east of Aguascalientes, a municipality so famous for guava cultivation and commercialization that has become known as “the guava capital of the world.” Although the fruit has been associated with Calvillo for many years, its exportation began only eight years ago and, despite the fact that it is not the largest producer of guava in Mexico, the impact it has on the economy is deeply significant.
Calvillo also received the designation of Magical Town, and it has taken advantage of its natural landscapes and local traditions to make tourism one of its economic mainstays. The tourism sector has benefitted from the increasing number of visitors every year and has created new options in services and attractions. There are eleven zones that offer log cabins for rent, six hotels with a total of 350 rooms, and two hotels currently under construction.
According to statistics released every month, the number of visitors so far in this year has already beaten last year’s total figures, with 594,616 visitors up until October.
Calvillo hosts the Annual Guava Fair, a celebration presenting the community’s most characteristic traditions that has increased in popularity year after year. Moreover, the National Museum of Magical Towns was recently opened with an exhibition of representative pieces of each of the 121 Mexican Magical Towns.
Cosío is our state’s northern gate, a municipality that was born, like many others, as a pass-through for people traveling to and from Zacatecas.
Agriculture has been Cosío’s major activity and grape growing has been the most important one. Producers have grown both dessert grape and wine grape for many years.
Bean, pepper, potato, broccoli, pea and sorghum are sown in spring and in summer, whereas garlic, oats, and canary grass
are planted in fall and in winter. Alfalfa is produced all year long.
As for stockbreeding, four types of cattle are bred: creole, Charolaise, zebu, and high- quality dairy cattle.
Cosío provides space for 386 economic units. Macomex, a textile manufacturer specializing in uniforms, stands out for being the only company with more than 250 employees. Los Rancheros, a fruit and vegetable retailer, is too worth mentioning. The company employs over 50 people.
The majority of people in this municipality work in other parts of the state (some of them in the south).